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SOESD / Technology & Media Services / Media Materials Library / ODE Standards / Oregon Common Core State Standards for Language Arts / 8th Grade for Language Arts

8th Grade for Language Arts

Eighth Grade

Eighth grade students begin to study the history and the development of English vocabulary. They continue to read a variety of grade-level-appropriate classic and contemporary literature, informational text, poetry, and plays, and they begin to compare and contrast the different types of writing as well as different perspectives on similar topics or themes. They evaluate
the logic of informational texts and analyze how literature reflects the backgrounds, attitudes, and beliefs of the authors. Eight grade students not only write or deliver research reports but also conduct their own research. They create clear, coherent compositions that engage the reader. They use the conventions of Standard English correctly. They deliver a variety of types of presentations and effectively respond to questions and concerns from the audience.

Reading

Decoding and Word Recognition: Analyze words, recognize words, and learn to read grade-level text fluently across the subject areas.
 
EL.08.RE.01 Read or demonstrate progress toward reading at an independent and instructional reading level appropriate to grade level.

Listen to and Read Informational and Narrative Text: Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text across the subject areas at school and on own, applying comprehension strategies as needed.
*Suggested grade-level target for reading ON OWN: Eighth Grade: 1,000,000 words annually.


EL.08.RE.02 Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text, including classic and contemporary literature, poetry, magazines, newspapers, reference materials, and online information.

EL.08.RE.03 Make connections to text, within text, and among texts across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.04 Demonstrate listening comprehension of more complex text through class and/or small group interpretive discussions across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.05 Match reading to purpose--location of information, full comprehension, and personal enjoyment.

EL.08.RE.06 Understand and draw upon a variety of comprehension strategies as needed--re- reading, self-correcting, summarizing, class and group discussions, generating and responding to essential questions, making predictions, and comparing information from several sources.

EL.08.RE.07 Clearly identify specific words or wordings that are causing comprehension difficulties and use strategies to correct.

Vocabulary: Increase word knowledge through systematic vocabulary development; determine the meaning of new words by applying knowledge of word origins, word relationships, and context clues; verify the meaning of new words; and use those new words accurately across the subject areas.


EL.08.RE.08 Understand, learn, and use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly through informational text, literary text, and instruction across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.09 Develop vocabulary by listening to and discussing both familiar and conceptually challenging selections read aloud across the subject areas.

EL.08.RE.10 Determine meanings of words using contextual and structural clues.

EL.08.RE.11 Analyze idioms and comparisons, such as analogies, metaphors, and similes, to infer the literal and figurative meanings of phrases.

EL.08.RE.12 Verify the meaning of a word in its context, even when its meaning is not directly stated, through the use of definition, restatement, example, comparison, or contrast.
 
EL.08.RE.13 Determine pronunciations, meanings, alternate word choices, parts of speech, or etymologies of words, using dictionaries and thesauruses.

Read to Perform a Task: Find, understand, and use specific information in a variety of texts across the subject areas to perform a task.


EL.08.RE.14 Read textbooks; biographical sketches; letters; diaries; directions; procedures; magazines; essays; primary source historical documents; editorials; news stories; periodicals; bus routes; catalogs; technical directions; consumer, workplace, and public documents.

EL.08.RE.15 Synthesize information found in various parts of charts, tables, diagrams, glossaries, or related grade-level text to reach supported conclusions.

EL.08.RE.16 Understand and explain the use of a complex mechanical device by following technical directions.

Informational Text: Demonstrate General Understanding: Demonstrate general understanding of grade-level informational text across the subject areas.


EL.08.RE.17 Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, main ideas, facts, supporting details, and opinions in informational and practical selections.

EL.08.RE.18 Clarify understanding of informational texts by creating detailed outlines, graphic organizers, diagrams, logical notes, or summaries.

Informational Text: Develop an Interpretation: Develop an interpretation of grade- level informational text across the subject areas.


EL.08.RE.19 Predict probable future outcomes supported by the text.

EL.08.RE.20 Determine an author's implicit and explicit assumptions and beliefs about a subject based on evidence in the selection.

EL.08.RE.21 Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text.

Informational Text: Examine Content and Structure: Examine content and structure of grade-level informational text across the subject areas.


EL.08.RE.22 Determine the author's purpose and perspective and relate them to specific details in the text.

EL.08.RE.23 Note and analyze instances of unsupported inferences, deceptive reasoning, persuasion, and propaganda in text.
 
EL.08.RE.24 Compare and contrast information on the same topic after reading several passages or articles.

EL.08.RE.25 Identify and analyze text that uses proposition (statement of argument) and support patterns (e.g., editorials).

EL.08.RE.26 Find similarities and differences between texts in the treatment, amount and depth of coverage, or organization of ideas on a particular subject.

EL.08.RE.27 Synthesize and use information from a variety of consumer and public documents to explain a situation or decision and to solve a problem.


Literature

Listen to and Read Literary Text: Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to a wide variety of literature of varying complexity.


EL.08.LI.01 Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to historically or culturally significant works of literature that enhance the study of other subjects.

EL.08.LI.02 Demonstrate listening comprehension of more complex literary text through class and/or small group interpretive discussions.

Literary Text: Demonstrate General Understanding: Demonstrate general understanding of grade-level literary text.


EL.08.LI.03 Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, main ideas, and supporting details in literary selections.

Literary Text: Develop an Interpretation: Develop an interpretation of grade-level literary text.


EL.08.LI.04 Predict probable future outcomes supported by the text, including foreshadowing clues.

EL.08.LI.05 Identify the actions and motives (e.g., loyalty, selfishness, conscientiousness) of characters in a work of fiction, including contrasting motives that advance the plot or promote the theme, and discuss their importance to the plot or theme.

EL.08.LI.06 Identify and analyze the development of themes in literary works based on evidence in the text.

EL.08.LI.07 Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text.

EL.08.LI.08 Infer unstated reasons for actions based on evidence in the text.
 
Literary Text: Examine Content and Structure: Examine content and structure of grade-level literary text.


EL.08.LI.09 Identify significant literary devices, such as simile, metaphor, personification, symbolism, dialect, and irony which define a writer's style, and use those elements to analyze and evaluate the work.

EL.08.LI.10 Evaluate how well literary elements contribute to the overall effectiveness of a selection.

EL.08.LI.11 Analyze and contrast the use of point of view, such as first-person, third-person, limited and omniscient, and subjective and objective, in literary text, and explain how it affects text. (Some of the skills and concepts in the preceeding standard are assessed at the classroom level and others at the state level.)

EL.08.LI.12 Analyze the importance of the setting (place, time, customs) to the mood, tone, and meaning of the text.

EL.08.LI.13 Analyze how dialogue is used to develop characters and mood in a selection.

EL.08.LI.14 Evaluate the structural elements of the plot, such as subplots, parallel episodes, and climax, including the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.

EL.08.LI.15 Identify and analyze recurring themes (e.g., good versus evil) across traditional and contemporary works.


Writing

Planning, Evaluation, and Revision: Pre-write, draft, revise, edit, and publish across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.01 Use a variety of strategies to prepare for writing, such as brainstorming, making lists, mapping, outlining, grouping related ideas, using graphic organizers, and taking notes.

EL.08.WR.02 Discuss ideas for writing with classmates, teachers, and other writers, and develop drafts alone and collaboratively.

EL.08.WR.03 Identify audience and purpose.

EL.08.WR.04 Choose the form of writing that best suits the intended purpose--personal letter, letter to the editor, review, poem, report, or narrative.

EL.08.WR.05 Use the writing process--prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing successive versions.

EL.08.WR.06 Focus on a central idea, excluding loosely related, extraneous, and repetitious information.
 
EL.08.WR.07 Use a scoring guide to review, evaluate, and revise writing for meaning and clarity.

EL.08.WR.08 Revise drafts for word choice, appropriate organization, consistent point of view- and transitions between paragraphs, passages, and ideas.

EL.08.WR.09 Edit and proofread one's own writing, as well as that of others, using the writing conventions, and, for example, an editing checklist or list of rules with specific examples of corrections of specific errors.

Writing: Communicate supported ideas across the subject areas, including relevant examples, facts, anecdotes, and details appropriate to audience and purpose that engage reader interest ; organize information in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas, sentences, and paragraphs ; and use precise words and fluent sentence structures that support meaning.


EL.08.WR.10 Create compositions that engage the reader, have a clear message, a coherent thesis, and end with a clear and well-supported conclusion.

EL.08.WR.11 Support theses or conclusions with quotations, opinions from experts, paraphrases, analogies, and/or similar devices.

EL.08.WR.12 Establish coherence within and among paragraphs through effective transitions and parallel structures.

EL.08.WR.13 Use descriptive language that clarifies and enhances ideas by establishing tone and mood through figurative language, sensory images, and comparisons.

EL.08.WR.14 To present a lively and effective personal style, use varied sentence types (simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex) and sentence openings.

EL.08.WR.15 To enhance clarity and to support meaning, use parallelism in sentence construction--to present items in a series and items juxtaposed for emphasis.

EL.08.WR.16 To indicate clearly the relationship between ideas, use subordination, coordination, appositives, and other devices.

Conventions: Spelling: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.17 Use correct spelling conventions.

Conventions: Grammar: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.18 Use consistent verb tenses.
 
EL.08.WR.19 Correctly use frequently misused words (among, between; fewer, less; bring, take; and good, well).

EL.08.WR.20 Demonstrate appropriate English usage.

Conventions: Punctuation: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.21 Use conventions of punctuation correctly, including commas, hyphens, dashes, and semi- colons.

Conventions: Capitalization: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.22 Use correct capitalization.

Conventions: Handwriting: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas.


EL.08.WR.23 Write legibly.

Writing Modes: Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas.


Personal Narrative Fictional Narrative Expository Persuasive
Writing Applications: Narrative Writing: Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas.
*Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.
 
EL.08.WR.24 Write biographical or autobiographical narratives or short stories:

Relate a clear, coherent incident, event, or situation by using well-chosen details. Reveal the significance of, or the writer's attitude about, the subject.
Use narrative and descriptive strategies, including relevant dialogue, specific action, physical description, background description, and comparison or contrast of characters.

Writing Applications: Expository Writing: Response to Literary Text (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. *Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500- 1,000 words.


EL.08.WR.25 Write responses to literature:

Demonstrate careful reading and insight into interpretations.
Connect the student's own responses to the writer's techniques and to specific textual references.
Draw supported inferences about the effects of a literary work on its audience.
Support interpretations through references to the text, other works, other authors, or to personal knowledge.

Writing Applications: Expository Writing: Research Reports/ Multi-media Presentations (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. *Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.

EL.08.WR.26 Write research reports: Specify a thesis.
Use a variety of primary and secondary sources, and distinguish the nature and value of each. Include important ideas, concepts, and direct quotations from significant information sources, and paraphrase and summarize different perspectives on the topic, as appropriate.
Organize and display information on charts, tables, maps, and graphs. Document sources.

Writing Applications: Persuasive Writing (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. *Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.
 
EL.08.WR.27 Write persuasive compositions:

Include a well-defined thesis that makes a clear and knowledgeable judgment or appeal. Present detailed evidence, examples, and reasoning to support arguments, differentiating between facts and opinions.
Provide details, reasons, and examples, arranging them effectively by anticipating and answering reader concerns and counter-arguments.

Writing Applications: Summaries, Business Letters, Job Applications and Resumes, Technical Writing (4-HS): Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms—including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing—to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. *Suggested word length: Eighth Grade, 500-1,000 words.


EL.08.WR.28 Write documents related to career development, including simple business letters, job applications and resumes that:

Present information purposefully and succinctly, meeting the needs of the intended audience. Follow the conventional format for the type of document (e.g., letter of inquiry, memorandum).

EL.08.WR.29 Write technical documents:

Identify the sequence of activities needed to design a system, operate a tool, or explain the bylaws of an organization's constitution or guidelines.
Include all the factors and variables that need to be considered.
Use formatting techniques, including headings, and changing the fonts to aid comprehension.

Research Report Writing: Investigate topics of interest and importance across the subject areas, selecting appropriate media sources, using effective research processes, and demonstrating ethical use of resources and materials.


EL.08.WR.30 Identify topics; develop high-level questions for inquiry; develop sub-questions to guide research of sub-topics.

EL.08.WR.31 Use effective note-taking techniques to ensure appropriate documentation of quoted as well as paraphrased material.

EL.08.WR.32 Plan and conduct multiple-step information searches by using computer networks.

EL.08.WR.33 Analyze the validity and reliability of primary and secondary sources, and use the information appropriately.

EL.08.WR.34 Achieve an effective balance between documented researched information and original ideas.
 
EL.08.WR.35 Use appropriate methods of citation for quoted as well as paraphrased material (e.g., Works Cited Entries--MLA, Reference Entries--APA).


Speaking and Listening

Speaking: Communicate supported ideas across the subject areas using oral, visual, and multimedia forms in ways appropriate to topic, context, audience, and purpose ; organize oral, visual, and multimedia presentations in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas and elements ; use language appropriate to topic, context, audience, and purpose ; and demonstrate control of eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, inflection, gestures, and other non- verbal techniques. *Suggested speech length: Eighth Grade, 3-6 minutes.


EL.08.SL.01 Develop a focus and present information to achieve particular purposes by matching the message, vocabulary, voice modulation, expression, and tone to the audience and purpose.

EL.08.SL.02 Outline a speech based on a chosen pattern of organization, including an introduction; transitions, previews, and summaries; a logically developed body; and an effective conclusion.

EL.08.SL.03 Use credible and relevant information to convey message.

EL.08.SL.04 Use feedback, including both verbal and non-verbal cues to reconsider and modify the organizational structure and to rearrange words and sentences to clarify the meaning.

EL.08.SL.05 Use precise language, action verbs, sensory details, appropriate and colorful modifiers, and the active rather than the passive voice in ways that enliven oral presentations.

EL.08.SL.06 Use appropriate grammar.

EL.08.SL.07 Use appropriate enunciation, pace, eye contact, and gestures to engage the audience during formal presentations.

Listening: Listen critically and respond appropriately across the subject areas.


EL.08.SL.08 Analyze oral presentations, including language choice and delivery, and the effect of the speaker's interpretations on the listener.

EL.08.SL.09 Paraphrase a speaker's purpose and point of view, and ask relevant questions concerning the speaker's content, delivery, and purpose.

Analysis: Evaluate the significance and accuracy of information and ideas presented in oral, visual, and multimedia communications across the subject areas.
 
EL.08.SL.10 Provide constructive feedback to speakers concerning the coherence and logic of a speech's content and delivery and its overall impact upon the listener.

EL.08.SL.11 Evaluate the credibility of a speaker (e.g., hidden agendas, slanted or biased material).

EL.08.SL.12 Interpret and evaluate the various ways in which visual image-makers (e.g., graphic artists, illustrators, news photographers, film makers)  communicate information and affect impressions and opinions.


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